Teacher’s Corner

An Outstanding Japanese Language Program

NML Benefactor Marian J. Okada Highlights Outstanding Japanese Language Program at Waipahu High School in Waipahu, Hawaii, on Oahu By Marian Okada and Laura Murray Ms. Marian Okada, who has been a benefactor of the National Museum of Language, was invited to the public Waipahu High School on Oahu as a potential donor to the

Lesson Planning: A tool for the reflective practitioner

You might not think of lesson planning as teaching innovation, lesson planning actually can help educators to focus their teaching style, technology use, and delivery techniques. Lesson planning is often taught in language teacher preparation programs, but have you thought about why we promote lesson planning (other than a response “you have to”)? While often

Alaska Native History Curriculum

Anchorage School District Launches New Social Studies Curriculum Giving Authentic Voice to Alaska Native History By Brandon Locke The Anchorage School District (ASD) in Anchorage, Alaska, is an urban district of roughly 48,000 students. It is also one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse school districts in the United States. The topic for 3rd

Teacher’s Corner May 2021: Next-Level Flashcards

By the time this article is published, many of you will be nearing time for final exams. The focus will begin to shift from new content and learning to how to utilize the skills that your students have been practicing all year. Whether you give a comprehensive final that summarizes the content of the year,

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Teachers Corner: Google Docs

Reflection has been a theme throughout this year’s Teacher’s Corners, and we are seeing a light at the end of the tunnel of pandemic teaching.  This may be the best time to begin evaluation of lessons learned to carry forward. Although it feels like we have radically altered our teaching in the past few months,

Teacher’s Corner January 2021: Digital Assessments

One of the greatest challenges that we have seen from digital or hybrid learning is creating assessments that are challenging, but also accommodating for all students. At the same time, we want to prioritize  test security and prevent translation.. Sounds like a lot, right? Now, as many schools are finishing their first semesters and giving

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Fanni is Radnóti's wife
Located near the Tang capital city of Chang’an, site of the modern city of Xi’an in Shaanxi province, in central China.
Soldiers of that time commonly wore a white head cloth, similar to what is still worn by some peasants in China today.  The implication is that the conscripts were so young that they didn’t know how to wrap their head cloths, and needed help from elders.
Before China’s unification under the Qin dynasty in 221 B.C. there were several competing smaller kingdoms.  Han and Qin were two of these kingdoms. Han was located east of famous mountain passes that separated that area from the power base of the Qin dynasty, with its capital in Chang’an. The Qin dynasty itself only lasted about 15 years after unification due to its draconian rule, but soldiers under Qin rule retained a reputation as strong fighters.
The area of Guanxi, meaning “west of the passes”, refers to the area around the capital city of Chang’an.
This is an alternative name for a province in western China, now known as Qinghai, which literally means “blue sea”.  Kokonor Lake, located in Qinghai, is the largest saline lake in China.  
Before China’s unification under the Qin dynasty in 221 B.C. there were several competing smaller kingdoms.  Han and Qin were two of these kingdoms. Han was located east of famous mountain passes that separated that area from the power base of the Qin dynasty, with its capital in Chang’an. The Qin dynasty itself only lasted about 15 years after unification due to its draconian rule, but soldiers under Qin rule retained a reputation as strong fighters.
Oulart Hollow was the site of a famous victory of the Irish rebels over British troops, which took place on May 27, 1798. The rebels killed nearly all the British attackers in this battle. (Source: Maxwell, W. H. History of the Irish Rebellion in 1798. H. H. Bohn, London 1854, pp 92-93, at archive.org)
The phrase "United Men" is elaborated upon in the Notes section below.

Ghetto


An Italian word meaning “foundry.” It originally referred to a part of the city of Venice where the Jews of that city were forced to live; the area was called “the ghetto” because there was a foundry nearby. The term eventually came to refer to any part of a city in which a minority group is forced to live as a result of social, legal, or economic pressure. Because of the restrictions placed upon them, ghetto residents are often impoverished.

"You’re five nine, I am do-uble two"


A reference to the year 1959 and the year 2020.

"The Currency"


Meaning US dollars - this is drawing attention to the fact that Cuba is effectively dollarized.

"Sixty years with the dom-ino stuck"


This sentence is a reference to the Cold War notion that countries would turn Communist one after the other - like dominos. Cuba was the first domino, but it got stuck - no one else followed through into communism.

رحلنا


رحلنا, or "rahalna," means "we have left."

Habibi


Habibi means "my love."

Ra7eel


Ra7eel, or "raheel," means "departure."

3awda


3awda, or "awda," means "returning."

أهلاً


أهلاً, or "ahalan," means "welcome."

a5 ya baba


a5 ya baba, pronounced "akh ya baba," means "Oh my father."

golpe


Treece translates "golpe" as "beating", which is correct, however misses the secondary meaning of the word: "coup".

Carlos


The “Carlos” referred to in the poem is most likely Carlos Bolsonaro, a politician from Rio de Janeiro and the second son of Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s current president. His and his father’s involvement in Marielle’s murder has been questioned and investigated.