In the News

News from the language world

An Outstanding Japanese Language Program

NML Benefactor Marian J. Okada Highlights Outstanding Japanese Language Program at Waipahu High School in Waipahu, Hawaii, on Oahu By Marian Okada and Laura Murray Ms. Marian Okada, who has been a benefactor of the National Museum of Language, was invited to the public Waipahu High School on Oahu as a potential donor to the

Language News from Iowa

University of Iowa German Department Launches Major Multifaceted Anne Frank Commemoration Project On April 29, 2022, a new tree was planted on the University of Iowa’s Pentacrest—a sapling propagated from the immense horse chestnut tree that grew in the courtyard behind the annex where Anne Frank and her family hid from the Nazis for 761

Language News from Mississippi

Welcome to the rich heritage of language and culture from Mississippi. With over 60 languages used by students throughout the state, we appreciate a diverse background of cultures. Mississippi Foreign Language Association For details on the MFLA Conference Registration see the links below: https://www.mflams.org/conference-registration/p/mfla-full-conference-registration-2022-pay-now https://www.mflams.org/conference-registration/p/student-registration https://www.mflams.org/conference-registration/p/mfla-conference-registration-2022-sponsor-or-exhibitor Hispanic Heritage Month Celebrations: Delta State University in observance

NML is Coming to Rockville Science Day

On Sunday, April 24, the National Museum of Language will have a booth at the 31st annual Rockville Science Day in Rocksville, Maryland! Linguistics is a science with a systematic approach, like other sciences, using study, observation, and experimentation. At our booth, we will give visitors a chance to observe a variety of authentic examples

International Society for the Linguistics of English Summer School

The next International Society for the Linguistics of English Summer School will take place between 4th and 8th July 2022. The meeting will address the theme: The Empire Speaks Back in a Postcolonial Dialect: Decolonising English Linguistics for the 21st Century. It will be hosted by Prof. Karen Corrigan (current ISLE President). The venue will be Newcastle University, UK where Dr Martin

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Conference on Revitalization of Indigenous and Minoritized Languages

III International Conference on Revitalization of Indigenous and Minoritized Languages (View the conference website) The III International Conference on Revitalization of Indigenous and Minoritized Languages (III CIRLIM) will be held on 13-16 September, 2022 in two venues: the University of Girona (in the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Education and Psychology) and the

Language News from Georgia

From Patrick Wallace, Program Specialist, Georgia Department of Education Curriculum & Instruction / World Languages and Global Workforce Initiatives There is a great deal happening in our area and I’m excited to share some updates with you as we move further into 2022.  I struggle to think of a time when world languages had more

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Fanni is Radnóti's wife
Located near the Tang capital city of Chang’an, site of the modern city of Xi’an in Shaanxi province, in central China.
Soldiers of that time commonly wore a white head cloth, similar to what is still worn by some peasants in China today.  The implication is that the conscripts were so young that they didn’t know how to wrap their head cloths, and needed help from elders.
Before China’s unification under the Qin dynasty in 221 B.C. there were several competing smaller kingdoms.  Han and Qin were two of these kingdoms. Han was located east of famous mountain passes that separated that area from the power base of the Qin dynasty, with its capital in Chang’an. The Qin dynasty itself only lasted about 15 years after unification due to its draconian rule, but soldiers under Qin rule retained a reputation as strong fighters.
The area of Guanxi, meaning “west of the passes”, refers to the area around the capital city of Chang’an.
This is an alternative name for a province in western China, now known as Qinghai, which literally means “blue sea”.  Kokonor Lake, located in Qinghai, is the largest saline lake in China.  
Before China’s unification under the Qin dynasty in 221 B.C. there were several competing smaller kingdoms.  Han and Qin were two of these kingdoms. Han was located east of famous mountain passes that separated that area from the power base of the Qin dynasty, with its capital in Chang’an. The Qin dynasty itself only lasted about 15 years after unification due to its draconian rule, but soldiers under Qin rule retained a reputation as strong fighters.
Oulart Hollow was the site of a famous victory of the Irish rebels over British troops, which took place on May 27, 1798. The rebels killed nearly all the British attackers in this battle. (Source: Maxwell, W. H. History of the Irish Rebellion in 1798. H. H. Bohn, London 1854, pp 92-93, at archive.org)
The phrase "United Men" is elaborated upon in the Notes section below.

Ghetto


An Italian word meaning “foundry.” It originally referred to a part of the city of Venice where the Jews of that city were forced to live; the area was called “the ghetto” because there was a foundry nearby. The term eventually came to refer to any part of a city in which a minority group is forced to live as a result of social, legal, or economic pressure. Because of the restrictions placed upon them, ghetto residents are often impoverished.

"You’re five nine, I am do-uble two"


A reference to the year 1959 and the year 2020.

"The Currency"


Meaning US dollars - this is drawing attention to the fact that Cuba is effectively dollarized.

"Sixty years with the dom-ino stuck"


This sentence is a reference to the Cold War notion that countries would turn Communist one after the other - like dominos. Cuba was the first domino, but it got stuck - no one else followed through into communism.

رحلنا


رحلنا, or "rahalna," means "we have left."

Habibi


Habibi means "my love."

Ra7eel


Ra7eel, or "raheel," means "departure."

3awda


3awda, or "awda," means "returning."

أهلاً


أهلاً, or "ahalan," means "welcome."

a5 ya baba


a5 ya baba, pronounced "akh ya baba," means "Oh my father."

golpe


Treece translates "golpe" as "beating", which is correct, however misses the secondary meaning of the word: "coup".

Carlos


The “Carlos” referred to in the poem is most likely Carlos Bolsonaro, a politician from Rio de Janeiro and the second son of Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s current president. His and his father’s involvement in Marielle’s murder has been questioned and investigated.