American Daily and Commercial Advertiser – Page 1

See explanations below this image for specific notices on this page for more information about the words used and to hear the ad being read aloud.

For Rotterdam, the Brig Anne

Column 1, ad 2

Fig Blue

Column 2, ad 2

Green Turtle Soup

Column 2, midway down

Enslaved Workers

Column 3, midway down and Column 4, 2/3 down

Stables

Column 4: midway down

Column 1, ad 2: For Rotterdam, The Brig Anne

This advertiser cleverly combines a lot of information in one ad that gives us the flavor of Baltimore life around 1812. There were no supermarkets and no travel agents, but if you wanted to go to Rotterdam, you could just check the ads for which ship might be headed there. While you were at the ship, you could also pick up some rice and salt!

 

Column 2, ad 2: Fig Blue

Even in the early 19th century, everyone wanted their washday whites to look their whitest. People did not have the benefit of washing machines or of bleach, but a product called bluing – and called “fig blue” in this ad – could be added to the wash. It gave a slightly bluish tint that removed any suggestion of yellow, and thus made white things look whiter.

 

Column 2, midway down: Green Turtle Soup

Today we enjoy a food distribution system that means you can buy just about any kind of food anywhere, at any time. Not so 200 years ago, when specialty and rare foods only turned up from time to time. This innkeeper ran an ad informing people that he would be able to serve green turtle soup. The green turtle is a sea turtle that lives close to coasts and was often hunted for food. The green turtle, though still found in many parts of the world, is considered endangered today.

 

Column 3, midway down and column 4, 2/3 down: Enslaved Workers

It is hard for us to believe that people could be bought and sold just like merchandise, but 200 years ago in Baltimore, this was the case. One advertiser indicates that he wants to buy a cook; it would have been understood that the cook would be a slave. The other advertiser wants to sell a 27-year old man and a 13-year old girl.

 

Column 4: midway down

Today’s real estate ads nearly always mention garages and how many cars they will hold but 200 years ago, the concern was stables and how many horses you could fit in them!

Demo Title

Demo Description


My first Popup

This will close in 20 seconds

Fanni is Radnóti's wife
Located near the Tang capital city of Chang’an, site of the modern city of Xi’an in Shaanxi province, in central China.
Soldiers of that time commonly wore a white head cloth, similar to what is still worn by some peasants in China today.  The implication is that the conscripts were so young that they didn’t know how to wrap their head cloths, and needed help from elders.
Before China’s unification under the Qin dynasty in 221 B.C. there were several competing smaller kingdoms.  Han and Qin were two of these kingdoms. Han was located east of famous mountain passes that separated that area from the power base of the Qin dynasty, with its capital in Chang’an. The Qin dynasty itself only lasted about 15 years after unification due to its draconian rule, but soldiers under Qin rule retained a reputation as strong fighters.
The area of Guanxi, meaning “west of the passes”, refers to the area around the capital city of Chang’an.
This is an alternative name for a province in western China, now known as Qinghai, which literally means “blue sea”.  Kokonor Lake, located in Qinghai, is the largest saline lake in China.  
Before China’s unification under the Qin dynasty in 221 B.C. there were several competing smaller kingdoms.  Han and Qin were two of these kingdoms. Han was located east of famous mountain passes that separated that area from the power base of the Qin dynasty, with its capital in Chang’an. The Qin dynasty itself only lasted about 15 years after unification due to its draconian rule, but soldiers under Qin rule retained a reputation as strong fighters.
Oulart Hollow was the site of a famous victory of the Irish rebels over British troops, which took place on May 27, 1798. The rebels killed nearly all the British attackers in this battle. (Source: Maxwell, W. H. History of the Irish Rebellion in 1798. H. H. Bohn, London 1854, pp 92-93, at archive.org)
The phrase "United Men" is elaborated upon in the Notes section below.

Ghetto


An Italian word meaning “foundry.” It originally referred to a part of the city of Venice where the Jews of that city were forced to live; the area was called “the ghetto” because there was a foundry nearby. The term eventually came to refer to any part of a city in which a minority group is forced to live as a result of social, legal, or economic pressure. Because of the restrictions placed upon them, ghetto residents are often impoverished.

"You’re five nine, I am do-uble two"


A reference to the year 1959 and the year 2020.

"The Currency"


Meaning US dollars - this is drawing attention to the fact that Cuba is effectively dollarized.

"Sixty years with the dom-ino stuck"


This sentence is a reference to the Cold War notion that countries would turn Communist one after the other - like dominos. Cuba was the first domino, but it got stuck - no one else followed through into communism.

رحلنا


رحلنا, or "rahalna," means "we have left."

Habibi


Habibi means "my love."

Ra7eel


Ra7eel, or "raheel," means "departure."

3awda


3awda, or "awda," means "returning."

أهلاً


أهلاً, or "ahalan," means "welcome."

a5 ya baba


a5 ya baba, pronounced "akh ya baba," means "Oh my father."

golpe


Treece translates "golpe" as "beating", which is correct, however misses the secondary meaning of the word: "coup".

Carlos


The “Carlos” referred to in the poem is most likely Carlos Bolsonaro, a politician from Rio de Janeiro and the second son of Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s current president. His and his father’s involvement in Marielle’s murder has been questioned and investigated.